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Zvikamu Zvikuru Zvendege

Mexico iri kuzvibatanidza pachayo, zvakanyanya uye zvakanyanya, senzvimbo yakarongeka yekugadzira zvinhu zveaeronautical pasi rese. Kuvandudzwa uye kusikwa kwe zvikamu zvendege yekutengesa, ibasa rinokosha uye rinokosha. Chete mainjiniya ane hunyanzvi uye nyanzvi vanogona kuita basa iri.

Kukanganisa kudiki kana kukanganisa kugadzira kuchava nemhedzisiro inouraya kune vatyairi vendege nevafambi. Naizvozvo, zvakakosha kuziva izvo zvakakosha zvendege yekutengesa, ungave uri kudzidza kuve mutyairi wendege kana kuve mainjiniya.

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Ndezvipi Zvikamu zveNdege Yekutengeserana?

Mexico yakakwanisa kuzvimisa pakati penyika huru dzepasirese kwete chete maererano nekupa zvikamu zvendege, asiwo senzvimbo yekugadzira.

Iko kugona kwematunhu makuru akatsaurirwa kumabasa aya anotarisa pakugadzira, kugadzira uye kuungana kwezvikamu zvakaoma zveairframe, senge turbine uye giya rekumhara.

Kana iwe uchifarira kushanda semutyairi wendege kana mainjiniya muindasitiri yezvemuchadenga yeMexico, unofanirwa kuziva zvikamu zvikuru zvendege. Zvikamu zvikuru zvendege yekutengesa zvinosanganisira iyo fuselage, all Maiwe , the empennage, the power plant and the undercarriage.

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Zvikamu zvendege

Kune zvakare zvikamu zvechipiri zvezvikamu zvikuru izvi zvakakosha pakubvumira ndege kubhururuka, pamwe chete nemasisitimu akasiyana-siyana anoita kuti ndege irambe ichishanda zvakachengeteka uye vatakuri vakasununguka.

Ndege fuselage

Chikamu chikuru chendege ndiyo fuselage. Izvo zvakasara zvimiro zvakagadziriswa pairi: mapapiro, muswe, giya rekumhara, control cabin, Etc.

Mutumbi wendege wakaunganidzwa kubva kune zvakachinjika uye longitudinal simba zvinhu, zvichiteverwa nesimbi cladding.

Iyo fuselage inogona kukamurwa kuita Kabhini uye Luggage compartment:

Ndege kabhini

Nzvimbo iri kumberi kwendege uko vatyairi vanobhururutsa ndege. Nzvimbo dzekufambisa ndege dzemazuva ano dzine midziyo yakawanda inokosha kudzora ndege iri pasi uye pakubhururuka.

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Luggage compartment

Kazhinji inowanikwa kuseri kwendege, nzvimbo yekutakura ine mikwende yevatakuri uye zvimwe zvinotakura.

Fuselage Dhizaini

Izvo zvinodikanwa zvekugadzirwa kwefuselage yendege zvinounzwa zvinoenderana nehuremu hwechimiro uye maitiro ekupikisa kwakanyanya. Izvi zvinogona kuwanikwa uchishandisa misimboti inotevera:

  • Muviri wefuselage wendege unogadzirwa nenzira inoderedza kushorwa nemhepo yakawanda uye inobatsira pakuonekwa kweelevator;                                
  • Vanotarisa pamusoro pekureruka uye kuvimbika kwekugadzirisa zvikamu zvemapapiro, kutora-kusimuka uye midziyo yekumhara, uye simiti yemagetsi;              
  • Nzvimbo dzekuchengetedza kutakura zvinhu, pekugara kwevatakuri uye zvekushandisa zvinofanirwa kuve nechokwadi chekuchengetedza uye kuenzanisa kwendege pasi pemamiriro akasiyana ekushanda;  
  • Nzvimbo yevashandi inofanirwa kupa mamiriro ekugadzikana kudzora ndege, kuwana iyo huru yekufambisa uye yekudzora zvishandiso mumamiriro akanyanya.        

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mapapiro anobhururuka zvikamu zvendege

ala ye ndege

Bapiro ndechimwe chezvinhu zvakakosha zvezvimiro zvendege, haingogadziri kusimudza, asiwo inobatsira kufambisa uye kudzora kumhanya kwendege. Mapapiro anoshandiswa kugashira zvekusimuka uye zvekumhara, yuniti yemagetsi, mafuta uye zvishongedzo.

Zvikamu zvikuru zvebapiro ndezvinotevera rondedzero yezvinhu:           

  • Muviri wakaumbwa nematanda, tambo, mbabvu, zvishongo;              
  • Slats uye zvimbi zvinopa kutsetseka kusimuka uye kumhara;  
  • Interceptors uye ailerons: kudzora ndege mumhepo;                              
  • Brake dziviriro dzakagadzirirwa kuderedza kumhanya kwekufamba panguva yekumhara;            
  • Mapyloni anodiwa pakuungana kwepowertrains.

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Wing Design

Dhizaini yemapiro chinhu chakakosha: bapiro rakagadzirirwa kudzikisa kukweva pamucheto unotungamira, kugadzira kusimudza kuburikidza necrescent yaro, uye kutonga kuyerera kwemhepo uchishandisa iyo inoteedzera mupendero.

Zvakare, uchibhururuka (kureva pasina simba reinjini), mapapiro anobvumira mutyairi wendege kuti awedzere nekudzikisa kukurumidza kudzika.

Mhando dzeAirplane Wings

Kurongeka kwemapapiro endege kunoitwa zvichienderana nemaitiro ekugadzira uye dhigirii rebasa rekunze kwekuputira, izvo zvinosanganisira:

Spar mhando

Inoratidzwa nehupamhi hudiki hweganda, huchiita denderedzwa rakavharwa nepamusoro penhengo dzemativi.

Monoblock mhando

Mutoro mukuru wekunze unogoverwa pamusoro peiyo gobvu cladding, inogadziriswa nehombe seti yetambo. Iyo cladding inogona kuve monolithic kana ine akati wandei akaturikidzana.

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injini dzendege

Injini dzendege

Iwo mamotor anogadzira kusimudzira uye anopa hydraulic uye magetsi emagetsi. Ndege dzemazuvano dzinoshandiswa nemhando dzakasiyana dzeinjini, kunyangwe majeti enjini achifarirwa nendege zhinji dzekutengesa.

Injini kana chirimwa chemagetsi chinogona kuwanikwa kumberi kwendege fuselage kana kuseri kwendege. Mune ndege dzakawanda-injini, injini dzinowanzo kuwanikwa pasi pemapapiro kune rumwe rutivi.

Empennage

Empennage zvikamu zvendege zvendege

Iyo empennage, kana chikamu chemuswe, chine inomira yakamira uye yakachinjika stabilizer.

Vertical stabilizer

Kudzikamisa kwakamira kunosanganisira chidzoreso, chinobvumira ndege kuti itendeuke kuruboshwe kana kurudyi pamusoro peiyo axis yakatwasuka yendege kana yaitwa. Chidzoreso chinodzorwa nezvidzoreso zvechidzoreso mugomba.

Horizontal stabilizer

The horizontal stabilizer ine elevator inodzora kukwirira kwendege. Inobatsira kuchengetedza kugadzikana uye kugadzikana kwendege pakubhururuka. Inoita izvi nekupa mini bapiro pane imwe chinhambwe kubva kumapapiro makuru, ichiburitsa zvakakwana kusimudza kudzora kukwirira kwendege uye kuchengetedza kugadzikana kwayo.

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Undercarriage

Izvi ndizvo Zvikamu zveNdege yeVatakuri

Kusimuka uye kumhara kunoonekwa senguva ine mutoro panguva yekushanda kwendege.

Munguva iyi, mitoro yepamusoro inoitika mukati mechimiro. Chete akavimbika enjiniya ekumhara magiya anogona kuvimbisa kukwidziridzwa kunogamuchirika kwekusimudza mudenga uye kubata kwakatsetseka kune iyo runway pamusoro. Mukubhururuka, vanoshanda sechimwe chinhu chekuomesa mapapiro.

Ndege zhinji dzepasi dzine injini imwe chete dzine magiya ekumhara matatu. Giya remavhiri matatu rine mavhiri makuru maviri ane vhiri remberi kumberi.

Takaona nenzira yakajairika kuti zvikamu zvendege yekutengeserana zvikamu zvezvimiro zvakakosha mukushanda kwendege.

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Saka, nepo gwenya remagetsi richipa simba uye simba rinodiwa, fuselage kana muviri wendege, unobata zvidimbu zvese pamwe chete, uye chinhu chakakosha chechimiro chine nzvimbo dzevashandi nevafambi.


Indasitiri yezvemuchadenga muMexico ijenareta huru yebasa, iyo yakatsaurirwa dhizaini uye mainjiniya, kugadzira, uye kugadzirisa uye kugadzirisa ndege.

Para TARIRA izvi NYAYA Zvikamu zvendege muPDF faira kudzvanya HERE

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